Resource Seminar: Dynamics of the Spiritual Exercises for Protestants
The Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola has directly influenced numerous Protestants, especially in recent years. Furthermore, since both the retreat movement and contemporary spiritual direction trace their roots to the Spiritual Exercises, thorough these processes countless others have been indirectly influenced by the Spiritual Exercises. We will examine six dynamics from the Spiritual Exercises that are particularly congenial to and useful for Protestants:
noting their original context, and discussing contemporary adaptations for various ecclesial contexts and ministry situations. We will pay particular attention to how these practices can be adapted for women. Some work will be done on the Internet. Participants who have portable computers may find it helpful to bring them; others can access the Internet through the computers in the computer lab.
Dyckman, K, Garvin, M and Liebert, E., The Spiritual Exercises Reclaimed: Uncovering Liberating Possibilities for Women. New York: Paulist Press, 2001, Chapters 1-5, 9-11.
Gründler, Otto. “Devotio Moderna,” in Christian Spirituality: High Middle Ages and Reformation, ed. Jill Raitt. New York: Crossroad, 1987, pp.176-193.
Huggett, Joyce.“Why Ignatian Spirituality Hooks Protestants,” The Way Supplement, 68 (Summer 1990): 22-34.
Ignatius of Loyola. Spiritual Exercises and Selected Works, ed. George E. Ganss. New York: Paulist Press, 1991, General introduction, Autobiography, Spiritual Exercises, with accompanying notes. Bring this text to class in the summer; we will use it almost daily to access the primary sources.
Lambert, Willi. Directions for Communication. New York: Crossroad, 2000, Ch. 2-3.
Liebert, Elizabeth. “The Role of Practice in the Study of Christian Spirituality,” Spiritus 2 (2) Spring, 2002: 30-49. Available at http://joshua.sfts.edu/liebert/essays/index.cfm
Linn, Dennis, Linn, Sheila Fabricant and Linn, Matthew. Sleeping with Bread: Holding What Gives You Life. New York: Paulist Press, 1995.
Lonsdale, David. Eyes to See, Ears to Hear: An Introduction to Ignatian Spirituality. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2000, Ch. 1-7. 10.
Lucas, Thomas. Landmarking: City, Church and Jesuit Urban Strategy. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1997, Chapter II, “Between Two Worlds,” pp. 25-38.
Raitt, Jill, “Saints and Sinners: Roman Catholic and Protestant Spirituality in the Sixteenth Century,” in Christian Spirituality: High Middle Ages and Reformation, ed. Jill Raitt. New York: Crossroad, 1987, pp. 454-463.
Johnson, Ben C. Listening For God: Spiritual Directives for Searching Christians. New York: Paulist, 1997. (An example of an adaptation by well-known Presbyterian author).
Tellechea Idígoras, José Ignacio. Ignatius of Loyola: The Pilgrim Saint. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1994. (An interestingly written biography of Ignatius by a non- Jesuit Basque.)
Special Learning Needs
If you have need of special consideration in the length and timing of assignments for reasons of documented disability, please inform the instructor within the fist few days of class so that appropriate accommodations might be discussed.
Probable daily schedule
June 10 (1 hour): Introduction of participants and their ministry contexts. Role of practice in the study of Christian Spirituality. Online resources and access demonstrated with www.ignatiushistory.info. Share experiences and adaptations of Linn/Linn/Linn, Sleeping With Bread.
Assignment: Liebert, “The Role of Practice”; Huggett, “Why Ignatian Spirituality Hooks Protestants.” Complete ignatiushistory website: “Family History,” “Young Ignatius,” and “Soldier.”
June 11 (1.5 hours): Where and when Ignatius lived: Physical, intellectual and spiritual context, urban strategy. Video: Michael Bellafiore, SJ. Ignatius of Loyola, The Story of the Pilgrim, Pt. I.
Assignment: Grundler, “Devotio Moderna”; Raitt, “Saints and Sinners”; Lucas, “Between Two Worlds” in Landmarking, Ch. 2. Complete ignatiushistory, “Convalescence,” and “Pilgrimage.”
June 12 (1 hour): Ignatius’s early life. Bellafiore, Part II. Rubens illustrations of Ignatius’s life
Assignment: Autobiography, Chapters 1-3, pp. 67-83, Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert, chapters 1-2 (pp. 1-47). Complete ignatiushistory, “Time of Studies,” “Formation of the Companions.”
June 13 (1.5 hours): Ignatius’s later life. Bellafiore, Part III. Rubens illustrations of Ignatius’s life
Assignment: Autobiography, Chapters 4-11, pp. 83-111; Lonsdale, Ch. 1-2. Complete ignatiushistory, “Founding of the Society,” “Legacy,” and “Death.”
June 16 (1.5 hours): Jonathan Edwards: Reliable and unreliable signs of a work of God as a critique of Ignatius’s experiences.
Assignment: Write: Using Edwards’s signs, assess Ignatius’s early experiences of discernment. Had Ignatius known Edwards’s scheme, what might he have understood more directly about his own experience? Cite the Autobiography for references to Ignatius’s life. 4-5 pages, double-spaced. Due: June 19.
June 17 (1.5 hours): Introduction to the Spiritual Exercises, Principle and Foundation, outline of the “Weeks” and their respective graces, Spiritual Exercises, #21-23; Annotation #4. Vashon’s images on the Principle and Foundation.
Assignment: Ganss, “General Introduction”; Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert, Chapter 4. Begin online retreat (directions given in class)
June 19 (1 hour): Principles of Guidance and Conversation; Close reading of the Annotations, Spiritual Exercises, #1-24.
Assingment: Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert; Ch. 3. Continue online retreat.
June 20 (1.5 hours): Principles of Guidance and Conversation II : Ignatius’s concept of spiritual conversation.
Assignment: Willi Lambert, Ch. 2-3. Continue online retreat
June 23 (1.5 hours): Examination of Conscience and adaptations (Spiritual Exercises, #24-44): Consciousness Examen for individuals and groups, use in ministry (YMSP model).
Assignment: Linn/Linn/Linn, Sleeping with Bread. Continue online retreat.
June 24 (1.5 hours): Prayer from Spiritual Exercises: Meditation and Contemplation; Spiritual Exercises, #45-54, 102-109.
Assignment: Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert, Ch. 5. Continue online retreat.
June 26 (1 hour): Prayer from Spiritual Exercises II: Application of the Senses; Spiritual Exercises, #65-71, 121-126.
Assignment: Lonsdale, Ch. 5. Continue online retreat.
June 27 (1.5 hours): Discernment of Spirits I; Spiritual Exercises, #313-327.
Assignment: Lonsdale, Ch. 4. Continue online retreat.
June 30 (1.5 hours): Discernment of Spirits II; Spiritual Exercises, # 328-336.
Assignment: Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert, Ch. 10. Continue online retreat.
July 1 (1.5 hours): Election (Discernment of vocation); Spiritual Exercises, #169-189.
Assignment: Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert, Ch. 11. Continue online retreat.
July 3 (1 hour): Contemplation to Attain Love, Action and Contemplation; Spiritual Exercises, #230-237.
Assignment: Dyckman/Garvin/Liebert, Ch. 9. Continue online retreat
July 7 (1.5 hours): Personal experiences using the online retreat
Assignment: Write: Final paper. Due: July 8
July 8 (1.5 hours): Closure, evaluation, final words. AnyWoman
Assignment: Complete paper. Due today.